EFT is een evidence based therapievorm

 

2 November 2016 -  Wetenschappelijk onderzoek

Er is voldoende onderzoek (APA divisie 12 norm) gedaan in A-bladen. A-bladen betekent te vinden in de pub-med database. Er is zowel resultaatonderzoek gedaan als meta-analyses (Review articles) over de EFT-therapievorm.

Er zijn wetenschappelijke verklaringen (neurobiologische) voor hoe EFT werkt.

In pubmed is te lezen dat er recent met positief resultaat onderzoek is gedaan naar EFT bij psychotrauma, depressie, fobie (2) , examenangst, spanningshoofdpijn , de biochemie van stress, de vergelijking tussen EFT en EMDR, en tussen EFT, WHEE, en CGT.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:203612. doi: 10.1155/2015/203612. Epub 2015 Oct 11.
Anxiety and Anger Symptoms in Hwabyung Patients Improved More following 4 Weeks of the Emotional Freedom Technique Program Compared to the Progressive Muscle Relaxation Program: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Suh JW1, Chung SY2, Kim SY2, Lee JH3, Kim JW2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26539218

J Holist Nurs. 2016 May 11. pii: 0898010116648456. [Epub ahead of print]
The Emotional Freedom Technique: Finally, a Unifying Theory for the Practice of Holistic Nursing, or Too Good to Be True?
Rancour P1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27170647

Explore (NY). 2016 Sep-Oct;12(5):355-65. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2016.06.012. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) and Resiliency in Veterans at Risk for PTSD: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Church D1, Sparks T2, Clond M3.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27543343

J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Sep 19. [Epub ahead of print]
A Randomized Controlled Comparison of Emotional Freedom Technique and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Reduce Adolescent Anxiety: A Pilot Study.
Gaesser AH1, Karan OC2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27642676

Appl Psychol Health Well Being. 2016 Jul;8(2):232-57. doi: 10.1111/aphw.12070. Epub 2016 May 3.
Food for Thought: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Emotional Freedom Techniques and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the Treatment of Food Cravings.
Stapleton P1, Bannatyne AJ1, Urzi KC1, Porter B2, Sheldon T1,2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27140673

Am J Health Promot. 2016 Aug 12. pii: 0890117116661154. [Epub ahead of print]
Epigenetic Effects of PTSD Remediation in Veterans Using Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study.
Church D1, Yount G2, Rachlin K3, Fox L4, Nelms J5.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27520015

Integr Med (Encinitas). 2016 Apr;15(2):27-34.
The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Emotional Freedom Techniques in Reducing Depression and Anxiety Among Adults: A Pilot Study.
Chatwin H1, Stapleton P1, Porter B1, Devine S1, Sheldon T1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27330487

Nurse Educ Today. 2016 May;40:104-10. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.02.003. Epub 2016 Feb 7.
The effect of emotional freedom technique on stress and anxiety in nursing students: A pilot study.
Patterson SL1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27125158

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2016 May;204(5):388-95. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000483.
Emotional Freedom Techniques for Anxiety: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis.
Clond M1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26894319

Explore (NY). 2016 Mar-Apr;12(2):113-22. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2015.12.001. Epub 2015 Dec 17.
Emotional Freedom Techniques in the Treatment of Unhealthy Eating Behaviors and Related Psychological Constructs in Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.
Stapleton P1, Chatwin H2, William M2, Hutton A2, Pain A2, Porter B3, Sheldon T3.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26797227

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2015 Sep;48:140-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.03.012. Epub 2015 Mar 31.
The efficacy of acupoint stimulation in the treatment of psychological distress: A meta-analysis.
Gilomen SA1, Lee CW2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25863484

Explore (NY). 2014 Jan-Feb;10(1):24-33. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2013.10.006. Epub 2013 Oct 17.
CAM and energy psychology techniques remediate PTSD symptoms in veterans and spouses.
Church D1, Brooks AJ2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24439093

Explore (NY). 2014 May-Jun;10(3):162-9. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2014.02.005. Epub 2014 Feb 26.
Reductions in pain, depression, and anxiety symptoms after PTSD remediation in veterans.
Church D1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24767263

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 Feb;14(1):37-47.
Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) Effects on Psychoimmunological Factors of Chemically Pulmonary Injured Veterans.
Babamahmoodi A1, Arefnasab Z2, Noorbala AA3, Ghanei M4, Babamahmoodie F5, Alipour A6, Alimohammadian MH7, Riazi Rad F7, Khaze V7, Darabi H7.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25530137

ISRN Psychiatry. 2013 Jul 28;2013:573532. doi: 10.1155/2013/573532. eCollection 2013.
Depression symptoms improve after successful weight loss with emotional freedom techniques.
Stapleton P1, Church D, Sheldon T, Porter B, Carlopio C.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23984182

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Feb;201(2):153-60. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31827f6351.
Psychological trauma symptom improvement in veterans using emotional freedom techniques: a randomized controlled trial.
Church D1, Hawk C, Brooks AJ, Toukolehto O, Wren M, Dinter I, Stein P.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23364126

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2014 Oct;202(10):699-709. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000188.
Empirically supported psychological treatments: the challenge of evaluating clinical innovations.
Church D1, Feinstein D, Palmer-Hoffman J, Stein PK, Tranguch A.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25265265

Depress Res Treat. 2012;2012:257172. doi: 10.1155/2012/257172. Epub 2012 Jul 17.
Brief group intervention using emotional freedom techniques for depression in college students: a randomized controlled trial.
Church D1, De Asis MA, Brooks AJ.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22848802

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2012 Oct;200(10):891-6. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31826b9fc1.
The effect of emotional freedom techniques on stress biochemistry: a randomized controlled trial.
Church D1, Yount G, Brooks AJ.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22986277

Explore (NY). 2013 Mar-Apr;9(2):91-9. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.005.
Effect of the emotional freedom technique on perceived stress, quality of life, and cortisol salivary levels in tension-type headache sufferers: a randomized controlled trial.
Bougea AM1, Spandideas N, Alexopoulos EC, Thomaides T, Chrousos GP, Darviri C.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23452711

Explore (NY). 2011 May-Jun;7(3):155-61. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2011.02.005.
The immediate effect of a brief energy psychology intervention (Emotional Freedom Techniques) on specific phobias: a pilot study.
Salas MM1, Brooks AJ, Rowe JE.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21571234

J Clin Psychol. 2003 Sep;59(9):943-66.
Evaluation of a meridian-based intervention, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), for reducing specific phobias of small animals.
Wells S1, Polglase K, Andrews HB, Carrington P, Baker AH.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12945061?dopt=AbstractPlus

Explore (NY). 2009 Nov-Dec;5(6):338-40. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2009.08.001.
Pilot study of emotional freedom techniques, wholistic hybrid derived from eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and emotional freedom technique, and cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of test anxiety in university students.
Benor DJ1, Ledger K, Toussaint L, Hett G, Zaccaro D.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19913760

Adv Mind Body Med. 2008 Winter;23(4):10-9.
The heart field effect: Synchronization of healer-subject heart rates in energy therapy.
Bair CC.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20664147

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2011 Jun;199(6):372-8. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31821cd262.
A controlled comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of two psychological therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: eye movement desensitization and reprocessing vs. emotional freedom techniques.
Karatzias T1, Power K, Brown K, McGoldrick T, Begum M, Young J, Loughran P, Chouliara Z, Adams S.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21629014

Psychotherapy (Chic). 2010 Sep;47(3):385-402. doi: 10.1037/a0021171.
Rapid treatment of PTSD: why psychological exposure with acupoint tapping may be effective.
Feinstein D1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22402094

Psychotherapy (Chic). 2008 Jun;45(2):199-213. doi: 10.1037/0033-3204.45.2.199.
Energy psychology: A review of the preliminary evidence.
Feinstein D1.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22122417

Psychotherapy (Chic). 2009 Jun;46(2):262-9. doi: 10.1037/a0016086.
Facts, paradigms, and anomalies in the acceptance of energy psychology: A rejoinder to McCaslin’s (2009) and Pignotti and Thyer’s (2009) comments on Feinstein (2008a).
Feinstein D.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22122624

Altern Ther Health Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;14(1):44-54.
Six pillars of energy medicine: clinical strengths of a complementary paradigm.
Feinstein D1, Eden D.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18251321

 

 

De neurobiologische verklaring van Ronald Ruden.

Andrade, Aalberse, Ruden en Sutherland schrijven dat EFT een vorm is van een kortdurende multi-sensore activatie-interventie (zie www.bmsa-int.com). Er wordt gesproken over de zenuwknopen van de nervus vagus in het buik- en borstgebied (het autonome zenuwstelsel). Er wordt beschreven hoe het kloppen neurochemische veranderingen in het limbische systeem (met name in de amygdala) veroorzaakt. Een opgeroepen herinnering is in feite op dat moment beïnvloedbaar (labiel). Glutamaat komt vrij bij het afstemmen op en oproepen van een gevoel uit de herinnering. Glutamaat zorgt onder anderen voor de opslag (encodering) van angst. Het kloppen zorgt voor het vrijkomen van Gamma-aminoboterzuur (GABA) en serotonine. De serotonine zorgt voor een daling van de intensiteit van de beleving en in de basolaterale kern van de amygdala. De serotonine inhibeert dat glutamaat het opgeroepen gevoel weer encodeert. Korte samenvatting: kloppen zorgt voor desensitisatie. Voor meer informatie zie het artikel WHY-TAPPING-WORKS.pdf van Dr. Ronald Ruden, MD, PhD.